Chapter 5 Study Questions

  1. Consider a habitat that is well known to you, (e.g., a forest, lake, grassland, coast), and list all the values that three different groups of people derive from this habitat: (1) you and your classmates; (2) the population of your county; and (3) the population of Sudan in Africa. How do these vary and why?
  2. Consider the hypothetical factory development example described on p. 151 in Chapter 5 of the textbook. What advice would you give to the State Governor as she seeks to decide whether or not the hypothetical factory development should go ahead?
  3. How can people best express their values for biodiversity?
  4. Do you think the existence of a legal international market in ivory would help or hurt efforts to conserve African elephants (Loxodonta africana)?
  5. Traditional economists have argued that the marketplace will determine species protection. By this they mean that exploited species will be reduced only to the point where extraction costs equal revenue. It also implies that by giving economic value to species it is more likely that people and governments will protect them. Government regulation is seen as an unnecessary intrusion. Think of positive and negative aspects of this free market approach to conservation.