Chapter 7 Suggested Readings

Burgess, R. L. and D. M. Sharpe (eds.). 1981. Forest Island Dynamics in Man-Dominated Landscapes. Springer-Verlag, New York.
This text was the first book-length treatment of fragmentation problems. The chapters focus on island–area effects, edge effects, and other problems in small fragments of eastern North American deciduous forest. Most of the studies reported were carried out in southeastern Wisconsin or Maryland.

Debinski, D. M. and R. H. Holt. 2000. A survey and overview of habitat fragmentation experiments. Conserv. Biol. 14:342–355.
This article reviewed 20 fragmentation experiments worldwide and found a general lack of consistency across studies. Experiments with arthropods showed the best fit with theoretical expectations of greater species richness on larger fragments. Most studies of all taxa found that movements of species were facilitated by corridors and that transient effects occur on fragments, with initial crowding followed by relaxation of abundances. Because this review focused only on actual experiments, it is limited in the spatial and temporal scales considered.

Forman, R. T. T., D. Sperling, J. Bissonette, A. Clevenger, C. Cutshall, V. Dale, L. Fahrig, R. France, C. Goldman, K. Heanue, J. Jones, F. Swanson, T. Turrentine, and T. Winter. 2003. Road Ecology: Science and Solutions. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
This book is the comprehensive source for information on the ecological effects of roads and how they might be mitigated and managed. Because roads are a primary cause of habitat fragmentation and related problems, it is must reading for conservationists.

Harris, L. D. 1984. The Fragmented Forest: Island Biogeography Theory and the Preservation of Biotic Diversity. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Larry Harris won considerable acclaim with this book on fragmentation problems and potential solutions in the western Cascades of Oregon. More than any book before and virtually any since, this book spells out the advantages of taking a “Big Picture” approach to conservation by looking at landscapes and regions instead of only at individual sites.

Knight, R. L., F. W. Smith, S. W. Buskirk, W. H. Romme, and W. L. Baker, (eds.). 2000. Forest Fragmentation in the Southern Rocky Mountains. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.
This book is probably the best available case study of fragmentation. Some of the chapters, especially that by W. Baker and G. Dillon on plant and vegetation responses to edges, offer thorough and scholarly reviews that extend well beyond the study region. Baker’s chapter on measuring and analyzing forest fragmentation is one of the best treatments of this topic and would be useful to people studying fragmentation anywhere. The book also covers effects of roads very well.

Laurance, W. F. and R. O. Bierregaard, (eds.). 1997. Tropical Forest Remnants: Ecology, Management, and Conservation of Fragmented Communities. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
This book contains numerous case studies of fragmentation effects in tropical forests.

Noss, R. F., and A. Y. Cooperrider. 1994. Saving Nature’s Legacy: Protecting and Restoring Biodiversity. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
This award-winning book reviews the processes that create and destroy biodiversity and offers a detailed and comprehensive strategy for designating reserves and modifying land-use practices to better conserve biodiversity, with emphasis on the U.S. Specific options for reducing fragmentation are provided throughout.